A significant number of people with cancer — between 30 and 90 percent — also have anemia. There are several types of anemia; however, iron-deficiency anemia is most often linked to cancer. Iron-deficiency anemia is caused by a lack of healthy red blood cells in the body.
What type of cancer causes anemia?
The cancers most closely associated with anemia are: Cancers that involve the bone marrow. Blood cancers like leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma interfere with or destroy the marrow’s ability to make healthy blood cells. Other cancers that spread to the bone marrow can also cause anemia.
Is being anemic a form of cancer?
Anemia is a common condition of cancer patients. This is because cancers cause inflammation that decrease red blood cell production. In addition, many chemotherapies are myelosuppressive, meaning they slow down the production of new blood cells by the bone marrow. In other cases, anemia is caused by kidney disease.
What disease is associated with iron deficiency?
Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia — a condition in which blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. As the name implies, iron deficiency anemia is due to insufficient iron.
Can you have anemia and not cancer?
People with cancer may also develop anemia due to reasons other than cancer (for reasons that people without cancer may develop anemia). If you have anemia but do not have cancer, your healthcare provider may recommend looking for cancer as a possible cause.
Why is anemia a side effect of cancer?
Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, as well as cancers that affect the bone marrow, can cause anemia. When you are anemic, your body does not have enough red blood cells. Red blood cells are the cells that that carry oxygen from the lungs throughout your body to help it work properly.
Can anemia be leukemia?
Leukemia itself can also cause anemia. As leukemia blood cells multiply rapidly, little room is left for normal red blood cells to develop. If your red blood cell counts drop too low, anemia can occur.
Does cancer affect red blood cells?
Blood cancers affect the production and function of your blood cells. Most of these cancers start in your bone marrow where blood is produced. Stem cells in your bone marrow mature and develop into three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets.
What is the root cause of iron deficiency?
Iron deficiency can be due to a decreased ability to absorb nutrients through food, general malnutrition or a strict vegetarian diet. There’s no getting around it: meat is an important source of iron. A serum ferritin blood test will determine whether your iron levels are low.
What is the most common cause of iron deficiency?
Bleeding is the most common cause of iron deficiency, either from parasitic infection (hookworm) or other causes of blood loss.
Is iron deficiency anemia a chronic illness?
A chronic disease is one that lasts 3 months or longer. Anemia of chronic disease is the second most common type of anemia. Symptoms are similar to those of iron-deficiency anemia and include fatigue, sweating, and headaches.
How long can you live with low iron anemia?
With treatment, most people recover from iron-deficiency anemia in 2 to 3 months. You may need to take iron supplements for several months longer, though, to build up your reserves of iron.