What type of doctor does heart valve replacement?

Cardiologists work with cardiac surgeons and other specialists to evaluate people with heart valve disease and determine whether heart valve repair, heart valve replacement or another treatment is most appropriate.

What kind of doctor does aortic valve replacement?

Aortic valve surgery is performed by heart surgeons to treat most commonly bicuspid valves, other congenital aortic valve diseases, aortic valve stenosis, and aortic valve regurgitation.

Is a heart valve replacement major surgery?

An aortic valve replacement involves removing a faulty or damaged valve and replacing it with a new valve made from synthetic materials or animal tissue. It’s a major operation that isn’t suitable for everyone and can take a long time to recover from.

How long do you live after heart valve replacement?

Long-Term Survival

For patients approximately 40 years old at the time of surgery, the life expectancy was reduced by 20 years compared to that of general population. This data suggests that a 42-year-old patient undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) with a tissue valve is expected to live to 58 years of age.

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How serious is a heart valve replacement?

An aortic valve replacement is a major operation and occasionally the complications can be fatal. Overall, the risk of dying as a result of the procedure is estimated to be 1 to 3%. But this risk is far lower than the risk associated with leaving severe aortic disease untreated.

Which hospital is best for valve replacement?

Nationally recognized expertise

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and Mayo Clinic in Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz., are ranked among the Best Hospitals for heart and heart surgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic Children’s Center in Rochester is ranked the No.

What are symptoms of heart valve problems?

Some physical signs of heart valve disease can include:

  • Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythms or skips)
  • Shortness of breath, difficulty catching your breath, fatigue, weakness, or inability to maintain regular activity level.
  • Lightheadedness or fainting.
  • Swollen ankles, feet or abdomen.

Which is worse bypass surgery or valve replacement?

Compared with all bypass operations, valve replacement had no effect on surgical mortality except in the group at highest risk. Conversely, valve replacement was associated with reduced late survival in all but those at highest risk.

Which is better pig or cow valve?

In conclusion, the bovine valve is superior in its complication and haemodynamic profiles. Both bovine and porcine valves have comparable results with regard to the mortality, postoperative functional status and valve durability.

How long is the waiting list for heart valve surgery?

Usually, there is an average waiting time of three months for planned elective routine surgery from the time of placement on the waiting list.

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Does valve replacement shorten your life?

Patients who have undergone surgical replacement of the heart’s aortic valve have a shorter life expectancy than the normal population, the loss in life expectancy being particularly marked in the young.

What is the average age for aortic valve replacement?

Only studies published after 2006 were included to ensure relevance to current technologies. Patients were enrolled between 1977 and 2013. Average patient age was 53 to 92 years.

What happens if heart valves are not replaced?

Aortic Valve Problems

Or, it could be from wear and tear over the years, or because of another health condition, like a heart infection. Those problems can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, fainting, and other symptoms. If you don’t get the valve replaced, it can be life-threatening.

How long do you live after mitral valve replacement?

Median survival after MV ‐repair was 7.8 years, close to 8.5 years (95% CI : 8.2–9.4) in the age‐matched UK population (ratio 0.9). Rate of re‐operation for MV ‐dysfunction was 2.3% versus 2.5% (mitral valve replacement, P=1.0).