What is the study of the heart and its disorders called?

Cardiology – The study of the heart and its function in health and disease. Cardiomegaly – An enlarged heart. It is usually a sign of an underlying problem, such as high blood pressure, heart valve problems, or cardiomyopathy.

What is the study of the heart and its disorders called quizlet?

Cardiac output. The study of the heart and its disorders is known as:____ Cardiology.

What is the study of the heart and its disorders called multiple choice question?

Coronary artery disease (CAD): Sometimes referred to as Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), results from decreased myocardial perfusion that causes angina, myocardial infarction (MI), and/or heart failure. It accounts for one-third to one-half of the cases of CVD.

What is the medical term for the heart?

The heart muscle, or cardiac muscle, is medically called the myocardium (“myo-” being the prefix denoting muscle).

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Which term refers to relaxation of the heart?

The terms diastole and systole refer to when the heart muscles relax and contract. … During this cycle, the period of relaxation is called diastole and the period of contraction is called systole.

What does the AV bundle do?

The atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His) is a continuation of the specialised tissue of the AV node, and serves to transmit the electrical impulse from the AV node to the Purkinje fibres of the ventricles.

What is the outermost layer of the heart wall called?

The walls of the heart are composed of three layers: Epicardium – the outer layer. Myocardium – the middle, muscular layer. Endocardium – the inner layer.

What is the aorta ks2?

aorta (say: ay-OR-tah): The aorta is the major blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. … These valves work to keep the blood flowing forward. They open up to let the blood move ahead, then close quickly to keep the blood from flowing backward.

What is another name for the heart and circulatory system?

The cardiovascular system is sometimes called the blood-vascular, or simply the circulatory, system. It consists of the heart, which is a muscular pumping device, and a closed system of vessels called arteries, veins, and capillaries.

What is CVD NCBI?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an umbrella term for a number of linked pathologies, commonly defined as coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, rheumatic and congenital heart diseases and venous thromboembolism.

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Which term means disease of heart muscle?

Cardiomyopathy (kahr-dee-o-my-OP-uh-thee) is a disease of the heart muscle that makes it harder for your heart to pump blood to the rest of your body.

What do we call the muscles of the heart?

The muscles of the heart, termed the myocardium, make up the middle and thickest layer of the heart wall. This layer lies between the single-cell endocardium layer, which lines the inner chambers, and the outer epicardium, which makes up part of the pericardium that surrounds and protects the heart.

What is the correct meaning for Angio?

Angio- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “vessel” or “container.” It is used in medical and scientific terms. In anatomy, angio- specifically refers to blood and lymphatic vessels.

What is cardiac diastole?

diastole, in the cardiac cycle, period of relaxation of the heart muscle, accompanied by the filling of the chambers with blood. Diastole is followed in the cardiac cycle by a period of contraction, or systole (q.v.), of the heart muscle.

What’s the main artery called?

The largest artery is the aorta, the main high-pressure pipeline connected to the heart’s left ventricle. The aorta branches into a network of smaller arteries that extend throughout the body. The arteries’ smaller branches are called arterioles and capillaries.

What is the physiology of human heart?

The heart itself is made up of 4 chambers, 2 atria and 2 ventricles. De-oxygenated blood returns to the right side of the heart via the venous circulation. It is pumped into the right ventricle and then to the lungs where carbon dioxide is released and oxygen is absorbed.

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