FEBRUARY 2019 Page 2 Page 3 1 INFECTIONS SUCH AS HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), hepatitis B and hepatitis C can be spread to you (the Exposed) if you come in contact with the blood or body fluid of an infected person (the Source).
What happens if you touch someone else’s blood?
Some infections can be passed on in blood or in body fluids (such as saliva) that can become mixed with blood. These are known as blood-borne viruses (BBVs). The risk of an infection being passed on in this way largely depends on the type of infection and how you come into contact with the infected blood.
Can you catch a virus from blood?
The most important blood borne viruses for human health are the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. These viruses persist in the blood long-term or for life.
Can you get sick from touching dried blood?
You may be familiar with bloodborne diseases, but unsure if dried blood on a counter top is really something to be worried about. It is. This is because certain bloodborne viruses can live for days outside the body and still cause infection. Hepatitis B virus can live in dried blood for up to a week.
What should you do if you touch blood?
Wash the area with warm water and soap. If you are splashed with blood or body fluids and your skin has an open wound, healing sore, or scratch, wash the area well with soap and water. If you are splashed in the eyes, nose or mouth, rinse well with water. If you have been bitten, wash the wound with soap and water.
What diseases can you catch from blood?
Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people. There are many different bloodborne pathogens, including malaria, syphilis, and brucellosis, and most notably Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
What does blood to blood contact mean?
In order for hepatitis C (also called HCV) to be transmitted there must be blood to blood contact. This means that the blood from someone with hepatitis C would have to get into the bloodstream (cut or open wound) of someone else. People with hepatitis C often worry about giving it to others that they live with.
What is blood contamination?
Blood poisoning occurs when bacteria causing infection in another part of your body enter your bloodstream. The presence of bacteria in the blood is referred to as bacteremia or septicemia. The terms “septicemia” and “sepsis” are often used interchangeably, though technically they aren’t quite the same.
What causes a virus in your blood?
Viruses must invade a living cell to reproduce, and they can’t live for long without a host. Some viruses enter the bloodstream directly through the bite of an infected insect or animal, such as Zika virus, which can be spread by a bite from an infected mosquito.
Can I get hep C from touching blood?
Hepatitis C is a viral infection that damages the liver. A person can contract the virus through contact with blood that contains it.
What is the most common disease transmitted by blood?
The most common and dangerous germs spread through blood in the hospital are:
- Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). These viruses cause infections and liver damage.
- HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). This virus causes HIV/AIDS.
Can you get hepatitis from touching blood?
You can catch hepatitis B infection through contact with the blood or body fluids (semen, vaginal fluids, and saliva) of a person who has the virus. Exposure may occur: After a needlestick or sharps injury. If any blood or other body fluid touches your skin, eyes or mouth, or open sores or cuts.