Heart failure is common in both men and women, although men often develop heart failure at a younger age than women. Women more commonly have heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), which occurs when the heart does not fill with enough blood.
Who is most affected by heart failure?
Coronary artery disease, heart attack, and high blood pressure are the main causes and risk factors of heart failure. Other diseases that damage or weaken the heart muscle or heart valves can also cause heart failure. Heart failure is most common in people over age 65, African-Americans, and women.
Is heart failure more common in males or females?
Conclusion: Men have a higher incidence of heart failure, but the overall prevalence rate is similar in both sexes, since women survive longer after the onset of heart failure. Women tend to be older when diagnosed with heart failure and more often have diastolic dysfunction than men.
How does heart failure affect people?
Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as well as it should. Blood often backs up and causes fluid to build up in the lungs (congest) and in the legs. The fluid buildup can cause shortness of breath and swelling of the legs and feet. Poor blood flow may cause the skin to appear blue (cyanotic).
How does heart failure affect families?
Patients reported reductions in social/family interactions (67.2%), dietary changes (64.1%), and difficulty walking and climbing stairs (56.3%) as the most common adverse disease impacts. Mental-health sequelae were noted as depression and sadness (43.8%), fear of dying (32.8%), and anxiety (32.8%).
What age group is affected by heart failure?
Congestive heart failure affects people of all ages, from children and young adults to the middle-aged and the elderly. Almost 1.4 million persons with CHF are under 60 years of age. CHF is present in 2 percent of persons age 40 to 59. More than 5 percent of persons age 60 to 69 have CHF.
How does heart failure affect the cardiovascular system?
When you have heart failure, your heart may not be strong enough to pump out as much blood as your body needs. As it tries to move more blood, your heart gets larger. It also pumps faster, and your blood vessels narrow to get more blood out to your body. As your heart works harder, it may become weaker.
What are the leading causes of heart failure?
The most common conditions that can lead to heart failure are coronary artery disease, high blood pressure and previous heart attack. If you’ve been diagnosed with one of these conditions, it’s critical that you manage it carefully to help prevent the onset of heart failure.
What Orthopnea means?
Orthopnea is the sensation of breathlessness in the recumbent position, relieved by sitting or standing. Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND) is a sensation of shortness of breath that awakens the patient, often after 1 or 2 hours of sleep, and is usually relieved in the upright position.
How does heart failure affect blood pressure?
If you have heart failure, there’s a good chance you also have high blood pressure, or “hypertension.” About two-thirds of people whose hearts can’t pump enough blood because of the condition also have high BP or once did. Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart failure.
What are the 4 types of heart failure?
What are the different types of heart failure?
- Left-sided heart failure. Left-sided heart failure is the most common type of heart failure. …
- Right-sided heart failure. The right heart ventricle is responsible for pumping blood to your lungs to collect oxygen. …
- Diastolic heart failure. …
- Systolic heart failure.
What are 4 stages of heart failure?
There are four stages of heart failure – stage A, B, C and D – which range from high risk of developing heart failure to advanced heart failure.
Can heart failure change your personality?
What’s not as obvious is the toll a weakened heart can take on your emotions. Living with this condition can stir up a whole range of feelings, from fear and sadness to anxiety, depression, and even anger.
How does heart disease impact your life?
With less blood flow, your heart doesn’t get the oxygen it needs, and that can cause chest pain, called angina, especially when you exercise or do heavy labor. It also can affect how well your heart pumps and make the rest of your body short on oxygen, too.
Can a person with heart failure live alone?
(Reuters Health) – For people with well-controlled heart disease, living alone isn’t linked with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems, a large study suggests. For five years, researchers tracked more than 32,000 patients from 45 countries.