Anemias, where there are not enough red blood cells or the cells do not work correctly, are among the most common blood disorders. According to the American Society of Hematology, anemia affects more than 3 million Americans.
What are the 3 most common blood disorders?
Common blood disorders include anemia, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, blood clots, and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
What is the deadliest blood disease?
The deadliest disease in the world is coronary artery disease (CAD). Also called ischemic heart disease, CAD occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become narrowed. Untreated CAD can lead to chest pain, heart failure, and arrhythmias.
What are all blood diseases?
List of Blood Disorders
- Anemia of Chronic Disease.
- Aplastic Anemia.
- Hypercoagulable Disorder.
- Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura.
- Iron Deficiency Anemia.
What causes blood disease?
Many blood diseases and disorders are caused by genes. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet. Common blood disorders include anemia and bleeding disorders such as hemophilia.
What is hematologic disease?
Hematologic diseases, disorders of the blood and blood-forming organs, afflict millions of Americans. In addition to blood cell cancers, hematologic diseases include rare genetic disorders, anemia, conditions related to HIV, sickle cell disease, and complications from chemotherapy or transfusions.
What is autoimmune blood disorder?
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a group of disorders characterized by a malfunction of the immune system that produces autoantibodies, which attack red blood cells as if they were substances foreign to the body. Some people have no symptoms, and other people are tired, short of breath, and pale.
What are the 4 types of diseases?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
What are the 10 most common diseases?
The following data is taken from the CDC’s 2017 report .
- Heart disease. Number of deaths per year: 635,260. …
- Cancer. Number of deaths per year: 598,038. …
- Accidents (unintentional injuries) Number of deaths per year: 161,374. …
- Chronic lower respiratory diseases. …
- Stroke. …
- Alzheimer’s disease. …
- Diabetes. …
- Influenza and pneumonia.
What diseases cause large red blood cells?
- Vitamin B-12 deficiency.
- Folate deficiency.
- Liver disease.
- A side effect of certain medications, such as those used to treat cancer, seizures and autoimmune disorders.
- Increased red blood cell production by the bone marrow to correct anemia, for example, after blood loss.
What are blood cancers called?
Most blood cancers, also called hematologic cancers, start in the bone marrow, which is where blood is produced. Blood cancers occur when abnormal blood cells start growing out of control, interrupting the function of normal blood cells, which fight off infection and produce new blood cells.
Is Polycythemia a blood disorder?
Polycythemia vera is a rare blood disorder in which there is an increase in all blood cells, particularly red blood cells. The increase in blood cells makes your blood thicker. This can lead to strokes or tissue and organ damage.
What type of doctor treats blood disorders?
Hematologists are internal medicine doctors or pediatricians who have extra training in disorders related to your blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system. They’re specialists who may work in hospitals, blood banks, or clinics. Hematologists who practice in labs are called hematopathologists.
Is High Blood Pressure a blood disorder?
When a disease state causes blood pressure to stay persistently high, low, or erratic, problems can arise. The most common blood pressure disorders are high blood pressure (hypertension) and low blood pressure (hypotension). Both have many causes and can range in severity from mild to dangerous.
What is the symptoms of leukemia?
Common leukemia signs and symptoms include:
- Fever or chills.
- Persistent fatigue, weakness.
- Frequent or severe infections.
- Losing weight without trying.
- Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen.
- Easy bleeding or bruising.
- Recurrent nosebleeds.
- Tiny red spots in your skin (petechiae)