What damage is caused by low blood sugar?

Lack of coordination, chills, clammy skin, and sweating can happen with low blood sugar. Tingling or numbness of the mouth are other effects that may develop. Additionally, you may experience blurred vision, headache, and confusion. Everyday tasks and coordination prove to be difficult too.

Can hypos cause long term damage?

Some people with diabetes do not experience good warnings and this is more common in people who have either had diabetes for a long time or those who have been tightly controlled with frequent hypos. What are the dangers of hypoglycaemia? coma may result in lasting or sometimes fatal brain damage.

What happens when you have very low blood sugar?

Most people will feel the effects and symptoms of low blood sugar when blood glucose levels are lower than 50 mg/dL. Symptoms and signs include nervousness, dizziness, trembling, sweating, hunger, weakness, and palpitations. Severe cases may lead to seizures and loss of consciousness.

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Can you get brain damage from low blood sugar?

Both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia can cause brain injury. However, the way these two conditions cause neurological damage does differ. In general, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) is much more dangerous. Extremely low blood sugar can do permanent damage and cause a severe acquired brain injury (ABI) in a short time.

What happens if low blood sugar is left untreated?

Untreated hypoglycemia can lead to: Seizure. Loss of consciousness. Death.

How long before hypoglycemia causes brain damage?

Profound, prolonged hypoglycemia can cause brain death. In studies of insulin-induced hypoglycemia in monkeys, 5–6 hours of blood glucose concentrations of less than 1.1 mmol/l (20 mg/dl) were required for the regular production of neurological damage (12); the average blood glucose level was 0.7 mmol/l (13 mg/dl).

How long does it take to recover from a hypo?

It will usually take around 15 minutes to recover from a mild episode of hypoglycaemia. If you have a blood glucose meter, measure your blood sugar again after 15 to 20 minutes.

What is the best thing to eat when your blood sugar is low?

Good choices are a piece of fruit, a few whole wheat crackers, a glass of milk, or a carton of yogurt. In people with diabetes, hypoglycemia can come on suddenly and needs to be treated right away so it doesn’t get worse. Eat or drink a quickly digested carbohydrate food, such as: ½ cup fruit juice.

Is it safe to sleep with low blood sugar?

Studies suggest that almost half of all episodes of low blood glucose — and more than half of all severe episodes — occur at night during sleep. Nocturnal hypoglycemia can be potentially dangerous.

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How do you treat low blood sugar in adults?

If you have symptoms of hypoglycemia, do the following: Eat or drink 15 to 20 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates. These are sugary foods without protein or fat that are easily converted to sugar in the body. Try glucose tablets or gel, fruit juice, regular — not diet — soft drinks, honey, and sugary candy.

What are long term effects of hypoglycemia?

Long-term effects

Hypoglycemia can also increase the risk of other conditions, including: eye disease. kidney disease. nerve damage.

Does low blood sugar cause dementia?

Older adults with diabetes who experience severe episodes of low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, are at increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia, a new study shows.

What organs are affected by hypoglycemia?

The brain is one of the first organs to be affected by hypoglycemia. Shortage of glucose in the brain, or neuroglycopenia, results in a gradual loss of cognitive functions causing slower reaction time, blurred speech, loss of consciousness, seizures, and ultimately death, as the hypoglycemia progresses.

At what sugar level is diabetic coma?

A diabetic coma could happen when your blood sugar gets too high — 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or more — causing you to become very dehydrated. It usually affects people with type 2 diabetes that isn’t well-controlled.