People may be affected by many different types of blood conditions and blood cancers. Common blood disorders include anemia, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, blood clots, and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
What are the symptoms of a blood disorder?
Blood disorder symptoms depend on the part of the blood affected. Some common symptoms include fatigue, fever, infections, and abnormal bleeding.
- Bleeding gums.
- Easy or excessive bruising or bleeding.
- Frequent or unexplained nosebleeds.
- Heavy menstrual bleeding.
What causes blood disorders?
Many blood diseases and disorders are caused by genes. Other causes include other diseases, side effects of medicines, and a lack of certain nutrients in your diet. Common blood disorders include anemia and bleeding disorders such as hemophilia.
What is the most common blood disease?
Anemias, where there are not enough red blood cells or the cells do not work correctly, are among the most common blood disorders. According to the American Society of Hematology, anemia affects more than 3 million Americans.
What are diseases of the blood?
The blood disorder list includes:
- Polycythemia vera.
- Sickle cell disease.
- Von Willebrand disease.
What are the 3 most common blood disorders?
Common blood disorders include anemia, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, blood clots, and blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
What are the symptoms of thick blood?
Thick blood can lead to strokes or tissue and organ damage. Symptoms include lack of energy (fatigue) or weakness, headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, visual disturbances, nose bleeds, bleeding gums, heavy menstrual periods, and bruising.
How do you test for blood disorders?
Diagnosing Blood Disorders in Your Child: Common Tests
- A complete blood count (CBC) measures the amounts of different types of cells in the blood. …
- A blood smear may be done with a CBC. …
- Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy check for problems with the production of blood cells.
How do you treat blood disease?
If you have polycythemia, your bone marrow makes too many red blood cells. This causes your blood to thicken and flow more slowly, putting you at risk for blood clots that can cause heart attacks or strokes. There is no known cure. Treatment involves phlebotomy, or removing blood from your veins, and medication.
What type of doctor treats blood disorders?
Hematologists are internal medicine doctors or pediatricians who have extra training in disorders related to your blood, bone marrow, and lymphatic system. They’re specialists who may work in hospitals, blood banks, or clinics. Hematologists who practice in labs are called hematopathologists.