What are the 5 properties of blood?

What are the five properties of blood?

Blood also may be analyzed on the basis of properties such as total volume, circulation time, viscosity, clotting time and clotting abnormalities, acidity (pH), levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide, and the clearance rate of various substances (see kidney function test).

What are the properties of blood?

Properties of Blood:

  • Amount: : 7-9% of total body weight; 79ml/kg.
  • Blood volume: 5-6 liters.
  • Viscosity: (3.5-5.5) times more than water.
  • Specific Gravity:045-1.065.
  • PH:3-7.4 (slightly alkaline)
  • Venous blood has low pH than the arterial blood as venous blood has more CO.
  • Temperature- 38C (100.4F)
  • Osmotic pressure– 25 mm Hg.

What are the 7 components of blood?

The main components of blood are: plasma. red blood cells. white blood cells.

Plasma

  • glucose.
  • hormones.
  • proteins.
  • mineral salts.
  • fats.
  • vitamins.

What are the 3 types of blood?

Blood is made mostly of plasma, but 3 main types of blood cells circulate with the plasma:

  • Platelets help the blood to clot. Clotting stops the blood from flowing out of the body when a vein or artery is broken. …
  • Red blood cells carry oxygen. …
  • White blood cells ward off infection.
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What are the 8 functions of blood?

Functions of the Blood: 8 Facts about Blood

  • Blood Is Fluid Connective Tissue. …
  • Blood Provides the Body’s Cells with Oxygen and Removes Carbon Dioxide. …
  • Blood Transports Nutrients and Hormones. …
  • Blood Regulates Body Temperature. …
  • Platelets Clot Blood at Sites of Injury. …
  • Blood Brings Waste Products to the Kidneys and Liver.

What are the physical and chemical properties of blood?

Each red blood cell is about one-third hemoglobin, by volume. Plasma is about 92% water, with plasma proteins as the most abundant solutes. The main plasma protein groups are albumins, globulins, and fibrinogens. The primary blood gasses are oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen.

What are the properties of red blood cells?

The cell is flexible and assumes a bell shape as it passes through extremely small blood vessels. It is covered with a membrane composed of lipids and proteins, lacks a nucleus, and contains hemoglobin—a red iron-rich protein that binds oxygen.

What 4 things make up blood?

Your blood is made up of liquid and solids. The liquid part, called plasma, is made of water, salts, and protein. Over half of your blood is plasma. The solid part of your blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

What is the function of WBC?

White blood cells are part of the body’s immune system. They help the body fight infection and other diseases. Types of white blood cells are granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils), monocytes, and lymphocytes (T cells and B cells).

What are platelets?

Platelets are pieces of very large cells in the bone marrow called megakaryocytes. They help form blood clots to slow or stop bleeding and to help wounds heal. Having too many or too few platelets or having platelets that don’t work as they should can cause problems.

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What are the two major components of blood?

The two principal components of blood are plasma and formed elements.

Why is the blood red?

Blood gets its bright red color when hemoglobin picks up oxygen in the lungs. As the blood travels through the body, the hemoglobin releases oxygen to the different body parts. Each RBC lives for about 4 months.

What is blood 7th?

Blood is the red fluid which flows throughout the body. Functions of blood- Carries oxygen, required for respiration from lungs to the cells of the body. Carries carbon di oxide, waste product of respiration from cells of the body to the lungs.

What is RBC WBC platelets?

Blood is composed of red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) and blood platelets. These cells and cell fragments are suspended in blood plasma. Abnormal amounts of these components can lead to several symptoms and health problems. These abnormalities can also be caused by an underlying disease.