What are the different types of arteries?
There are two main types of arteries found in the body: (1) the elastic arteries, and (2) the muscular arteries. Muscular arteries include the anatomically named arteries like the brachial artery, the radial artery, and the femoral artery, for example.
What are the 4 major arteries?
By definition, an artery is a vessel that conducts blood from the heart to the periphery. All arteries carry oxygenated blood–except for the pulmonary artery. The largest artery in the body is the aorta and it is divided into four parts: ascending aorta, aortic arch, thoracic aorta, and abdominal aorta.
What are 3 characteristics of arteries?
Each artery is a muscular tube lined by smooth tissue and has three layers: The intima, the inner layer lined by a smooth tissue called endothelium. The media, a layer of muscle that lets arteries handle the high pressures from the heart. The adventitia, connective tissue anchoring arteries to nearby tissues.
What are the 3 parts of arteries and veins?
The walls of veins and arteries are both made up of three layers:
- Outer. Tunica adventitia (tunica externa) is the outer layer of a blood vessel, including arteries and veins. …
- Middle. The middle layer of the walls of arteries and veins is called the tunica media. …
What are the 3 types of blood vessels and their functions?
The Three Major Types of Blood Vessels: Arteries, Veins, and Capillaries. Blood vessels flow blood throughout the body. Arteries transport blood away from the heart. Veins return blood back toward the heart.
What are the 3 different types of capillaries and where are they found?
There are three primary types of capillaries—continuous, fenestrated, and discontinuous or sinusoidal that are found in different regions of the body, and specialized capillaries in the brain make up the blood-brain barrier.
What are the 3 major veins?
These include the great cardiac vein, the middle cardiac vein, the small cardiac vein, the smallest cardiac veins, and the anterior cardiac veins. Coronary veins carry blood with a poor level of oxygen, from the myocardium to the right atrium.
What are the 5 major arteries?
This is a list of arteries of the human body.
- The aorta.
- The arteries of the head and neck. The common carotid artery. The external carotid artery. …
- The arteries of the upper extremity. The subclavian artery. The axilla. …
- The arteries of the trunk. The descending aorta. …
- The arteries of the lower extremity. The femoral artery.
What are the 2 major veins?
The two largest veins in the body are the superior vena cava, which carries blood from the upper body directly to the right atrium of the heart, and the inferior vena cava, which carries blood from the lower body directly to the right atrium.
What are the 3 characteristics of veins?
Blood is transported in arteries , veins and capillaries .
Structure and function of blood vessels.
|Carry blood under high pressure||Carry blood under low or negative pressure|
|Have thick muscular and elastic walls to pump and accommodate blood||Have thin walls – have less muscular tissue than arteries|
What are the different types of blood circulation?
There Are Two Types of Circulation: Pulmonary Circulation and Systemic Circulation. Pulmonary circulation moves blood between the heart and the lungs. It transports deoxygenated blood to the lungs to absorb oxygen and release carbon dioxide. The oxygenated blood then flows back to the heart.
What are the three characteristics of veins?
Veins transport blood that has been depleted of oxygen back to the heart. Pulmonary veins transport oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart’s left atrium. Veins have valves that ensure blood flows in the right direction. Veins have thin walls and can often be injured, leading to varicose veins or vein disease.
What is difference between veins and arteries?
Arteries and veins (also called blood vessels) are tubes of muscle that your blood flows through. Arteries carry blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. Veins push blood back to your heart. You have a complex system of connecting veins and arteries throughout your body.
Why is the vein blue?
Veins appear blue because blue light is reflected back to our eyes. … Blue light does not penetrate human tissue as deeply as red light does. … In short, our veins appear blue because of a trick that light plays on our eyes and how the light interacts with our body and skin.