The external jugular vein is a superficial vein of the neck that drains blood from the parotid gland, most of the scalp, and side of the face, then back to the heart. It also assists with blood flow down from the head when other major veins, like the internal jugular vein, are compressed or blocked.
Where is the external jugular vein located?
The external jugular vein begins at the level of the mandible and runs obliquely across and superficial to the sternocleidomastoid (see the image below).
How deep is the external jugular vein?
It courses inferiorly in the subcutaneous anterolateral neck, deep to platysma but superficial to sternocleidomastoid, before piercing the deep cervical fascia (usually) posterior to the clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid. Here it drains directly into the subclavian vein.
Is the external jugular vein on the left or right?
There are two sets of jugular veins: external and internal. The left and right external jugular veins drain into the subclavian veins. The internal jugular veins join with the subclavian veins more medially to form the brachiocephalic veins.
What side of the neck is the jugular vein?
Internal and external jugular veins run along the right and left sides of your neck. They bring blood from your head to the superior vena cava, which is the largest vein in the upper body.
How do you place an EJ?
- Place patient in Trendelenburg position and rotate head to opposite side of cannulation.
- Position yourself at the head of the bed facing the patient.
- Clean skin with appropriate antiseptic.
- Use non-dominant thumb to provide counter-traction and index finger to tamponade EJV just superior to clavicle.
What is the difference between carotid artery and jugular vein?
Jugular vein and carotid artery are the two types of blood vessels found in the neck. … The main difference between jugular vein and carotid artery is that jugular vein drains deoxygenated blood from the head and face whereas carotid artery supplies oxygenated blood to the head and face.
How external jugular vein is formed and where it is drained?
The external jugular vein (EJV) is formed by the union of posterior division of retromandibular vein and posterior auricular vein. The anterior division of the retromandibular vein combines with facial vein to form common facial vein. The superficial venous system of head and neck displays great variability.
Which side of the neck is the carotid artery?
There are two carotid arteries, one on the right and one on the left. In the neck, each carotid artery branches into two divisions: The internal carotid artery supplies blood to the brain. The external carotid artery supplies blood to the face and neck.
What does a bulging vein in neck mean?
Bulging neck veins can be seen with congestive heart failure and other circulatory conditions. Swelling can also accompany cardiac conditions as well as a number of other conditions, including injuries. Keep a record of your symptoms, and talk to your doctor if you are worried about any symptoms.
Can you save someone with a cut jugular?
Medical officials praise the quick first aid given by her father’s fiancee at Dana Point home. An 18-year-old who would have bled to death Wednesday when she fell and severed her jugular vein was saved by her father’s fiancee, who quickly applied pressure to the gaping wound, medical officials said.
How is JVD treated?
- changes in lifestyle and diet.
- beta-blockers to decrease the activity of the heart and lower blood pressure.
- ACE inhibitors, which help to relax the blood vessels.
- diuretics, which help to lower blood pressure by flushing salt and fluid out of the body and relaxing blood vessels.
What does the external jugular vein do?
The function of the external jugular vein is to drain blood from the superficial structures of the cranium and the deep portions of the face.
Why is the jugular vein so important?
The function of the internal jugular vein is to collect blood from the skull, brain, superficial parts of the face, and the majority of the neck.